Geography of Nepal

Nepal is a landlocked country with Himalayan surroundings. The country covers 1,47,181 sq.km area in total. It is located between the two giant neighbors, India and Tibet. The country is almost like rectangular with average 885 km east-west length and an average width of 193 km north-south. From the geographical point of view, the country can be divided into 3 categories. The Himalayan, the mid-hill, and the Terai (plain land) region.

The Himalayan region is dominated by the 8000 meters peaks and its surroundings. It is known as the land above 3000 meters altitude. Mt. Everest is the tallest point on the earth with the height of 8848 meters. Eight out of fourteen tallest peaks in the world lies in Nepal. The glacial lakes, glaciers, alpine forests and wild animals are found in the Himalayan region of Nepal. The divisions of Himalayan region are the greater Himalaya, boarder Himalaya and trans Himalaya, Inner Himalaya / High Mountain Valley / Bhot.

The Hilly Region begins from 600 meters to 3000 meters above sea level. The two third of Nepal is dominated by the hilly region. The green hill scenery, waterfalls, Rivers and sub-tropical forests are found in this region. The capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu lies in this region. Middle hill region can be divided into the Midland Range (Valley/Tars/Beshi), Mahabharat Range and the Churia Range.

The Terai Region is the tropical altitude region of Nepal, which is a low land belt. It is also known as the grain store of the nation. It accounts for 17 percent of the total land of the country. There are wide fields, tropical forests and the home of various rare found wild animals. 

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